BDS is one of the most popular and designated degrees of dentists (doctors). The BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) is the only educational and professional program of dental surgery in India. It is equivalent to the MBBS and owes the “Dr” domain. In the medical educational field, it is the second choice of the students after the MBBS course. In this course, the students are taught about dentures, dental problems, and surgery. It is also a good job oriented degree programs and various opportunities are available in the hospital, pharmaceutical, and medical device manufacturing industries. The BDS degree is awarded on the successful completion of the four-year academic education and the one-year mandatory internship programme in dentistry education leading to the Bachelor of Dental Surgery degree programme. After completing your BDS, you are qualified to practice as a dentist.

The BDS is the degree given to a person who plays a vital role in the treatment of problems related to teeth. The dentist prevents, diagnoses and cures all dental and related diseases. It is very challenging to pursue the BDS course and you should have the enthusiasm, a hard-working attitude in the study, and have a focused mind for doing the BDS course. The Dental Council of India is the only accredited body for the dental programs. This course is now in heavy demand by the students after 12th in the medical field.

Eligibility & Duration


The BDS is a 5 year (4 years academic education + 1-year mandatory internship) UG degree program. This course can be pursued through full-time and part-time courses. The BDS is one of the most sought courses after 12th in the medical field. There are many reputed universities in India that are offering the BDS course. The BDS course contains basic subjects like human anatomy, physiology & biochemistry, dental material, prosthodontics, microbiology, embryology & histology, general & dental pharmacology and pathology, periodontics, pedodontics, orthodontics, and dentistry.


The students, who have passed the 10+2 examination with science stream and have had Physics, Chemistry, and Biology, and English in the 12th stream, may go for the BDS course. It is the course which will be having hands-on training in the field of dentistry for the duration of five years. The students will get the chance to interact with the patient and will get practical knowledge of the diseases. The students have to score a minimum of 50% marks (40% in the case of reserved category) in plus two and have to appear for an entrance examination conducted by the respective authorities.

AdmissionHow to get admission in the BDS course?

Admissions into BDS programs will be done through an entrance test. Students can appear in the entrance exam organized at national or university level examinations. NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test) is mostly considered for providing admission to BDS courses. After clearing the entrance exam, students have to participate in the counseling process organized by the respective authority. Seats will be allotted to candidates on the basis of rank, filled choices, and availability of seats.

Career & Jobs

After the completion of the BDS course, the dental graduates are entitled to use the term Doctor before his or her name as the prefix “Dr.”.There are plenty of good jobs & higher study opportunities available after getting a degree in dentistry as a doctor. It is a professional field with 100% job placement. A BDS graduate may go for the PG degree programs leading to the Domain MDS (Master of Dental Surgery). MDS is an advanced degree in the dentistry field and allows the candidates to specialize in any of its disciplines. Interested candidates can also go for a research program by pursuing a Doctor of Philosophy. The teaching career is also open to BDS graduates. Those interested in teaching can acquire teaching jobs in any of the top Dental Colleges. They are eligible to hold positions as professors or even HOD and even get promoted to Dean. This profession includes imaging, tissue graft, implants, laser surgery, and trauma. After completing this course you will be hired by the medical college, hospitals, nursing home, health corporations, health ministry, and back-office medical consultancy. One can also open his/her own dental clinic or work as a dentist in government and private hospitals.

The Job Profiles of the BDS may be the following: Dentist/Dental Surgeon/Endodontic/Oral and Maxillofacial Pathologist/Oral Surgery/Orthodontics/Pedodontics/Periodontics/Prosthodontics

Some employment areas for BDS aspirants are: Dental Clinics/Hospitals/Educational Institutions/Pharmaceutical Companies/Dental Products Manufactures/Private Practice.

BDS Course Highlights

Course NameBachelor of Dental Surgery
Short NameBDS
Course LevelUndergraduate 
Course TypeDegree Programme
Course Duration5 Years (4 Years for Academic Education + 1 Year for Internship)
Course ModeFull Time/ Part-Time
Minimum Qualification Required10+2
Selection ProcessEntrance Exams
Course FeeINR 50,000 per month – INR 12 LPA
Relevant Field Medical
Starting SalaryINR 4 LPA – INR 6 LPA
Employment SectorsPrivate Clinics, Educational Institutions, Dental Clinics, Hospitals, Dental Products Manufactures, Pharmaceutical Companies

Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) Eligibility Criteria

The eligibility criteria for the BDS course have been mentioned below.

  • Minimum Qualification Required for BDS: 10+2 (Chemistry, Biology & Physics)
  • Minimum Marks Required for BDS (Aggregate): 50% (for General category students) and 40% (for reserved category students)
  • Minimum Age Required for BDS: 17 years
  • Upper Age Limit for BDS: 25 Years

BDS Admission Process

  • The admission to BDS course is done on the basis of national or institute-level entrance exams. 
  • The biggest and nationally accepted entrance exam for BDS is NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test). 

Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) Syllabus

Year I

General AnatomyEmbryology and HistologyGeneral Human Physiology
Dental Anatomy and EmbryologyOral HistologyGeneral Biochemistry 

Year II

Dental MaterialsGeneral Pathology and MicrobiologyGeneral Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Pre-Clinical Prosthodontics & Crown & BridgePreclinical Conservative DentistryDental Pharmacology and Therapeutics

Year III

Oral Pathology General Medicine
Oral MicrobiologyGeneral Surgery

Year IV

Oral MedicineRadiology Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics
Conservative Dentistry and EndodonticsProsthodontics and Crown and BridgePublic Health Dentistry
PeriodontologyOral and Maxillofacial SurgeryPaediatric and Preventive Dentistry

Year V – 

Mandatory Internship.

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