BMBS or Bachelor of Medicine and a Bachelor of Surgery also described as MBBS, an abbreviation of a Latin word which is Medicinae Baccalaureus Baccalaureus Chirurgiae. This is a Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery degree program. The first two advanced and professional undergraduate medical degrees are Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. It is probably one of the topmost degrees in the world and therefore by profession, after completing MBBS, an individual is officially transformed into a medical professional. This is a very prolonged study that requires a huge amount of patience and ability. Being a medical professional is one of the bravest and humble occupations. The curriculum describes different medicine and human anatomy is able to educate the participants on how to test and cure specific diseases. The course also covers numerous medical specialties to allow the learners to develop an in-depth understanding of the area of interest.

MBBS Highlights

Course NameBachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Eligibility10+2 with physics, chemistry and biology
Duration5.5 years
Average FeeRs. 71,000 to Rs.2,100,000
Average SalaryRs. 360,000 per annum
Career OpportunitiesPhysicianDoctorEndocrinologistPathologistNeurologistCardiologist, Gynaecologist

Advantages of MBBS

MBBS stands for Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. It is a highly competitive program as the admissions are offered on the basis of rank acquired in the NEET examination. Lakhs of students appear every year in the NEET examination. Several students take a year off from their academic year to prepare for the NEET examination to get admission to the prestigious medical colleges of India. Successful completion of MBBS opens numerous opportunities for a medical career in the healthcare industry. Candidates can opt for an MS, MD, or DNB in any related specialization after successful completion of an MBBS program. They can opt for numerous careers such as a general surgeon, endocrinologist, pathologist, neurologist, physician, ENT specialist, cardiologist, and oncologist.

Types of Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery

BMBS is a professional undergrad degree in the surgical and medical field, awarded by medical colleges and universities. However, as the name implies, Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery are two different degrees but are merged in one discipline and presented together in practice. The length of the MBBS degree includes the internship, and the degree is of five to six years. The candidates who need to study physics, chemistry, biology, and English at the 10+2 level are eligible to apply for this program. MBBS degree is a graduate degree for candidates who seek to pursue their goal of being a physician. Bachelor of Medicine and a Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) degree is one of the best professional degrees in science and medicine. The length of the MBBS course is five years and one year of internship in the nonprofit organization, medical centers, and rehabilitation centers.

MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) Eligibility

Applicants must meet the eligibility requirements for a Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (BMBS) or MBBS degree. Candidates also should be aware of the basic requirements needed for pursuing a bachelor’s degree in medicine and a bachelor’s degree in surgery, including the course understanding. These are the necessary eligibility requirements that the students must follow to obtain MBBS admission:

  • The minimum marks criteria may differ, although, in the intermediate test, general applicants should have scored at least 50 percent marks.
  • The minimum age requirement is 17 years to register for the MBBS program.
  • Applicants will have to pass the entrance examination needed for admissions.
  • Applicants should have done at least 10 + 2 with mandatory subjects Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.
  • The minimum percentage for eligible candidates to the reserved category is 40 percent.
  • The maximum age restriction for applying for the MBBS program is 25 years

MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) Admissions

There are various ways of enrolling students in the MBBS program provided by various institutions and schools. In the Bachelor of Medicine and a Bachelor of Surgery programmes, educational institutions use various methodologies to enrol applicants. To receive an MBBS degree, applicants must follow the different strategies with a thorough understanding from which they must then achieve university admissions. The various methods by which candidates may become admitted to this degree are described below.

Entrance exams:

The most common method for approving candidates is an entrance examination used by colleges and universities. Aspiring students sit for different entrance exams to earn a Bachelor of Medicine and a Bachelor of Surgery (BMBS or MBBS) degree. The results obtained in these exams allow the students to apply to high-ranking universities offering such degrees.


There are colleges and universities in these courses which offer candidates admissions based on the marks achieved in 10 + 2. The eligibility criteria based on competencies gained in 10 + 2. These colleges often take students using their cut-off lists. But the number of these colleges is very less in numbers and the entrance exam is a must for this particular degree.

Top Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery Exams

A few universities conduct entrance examinations for Bachelor of Medicine and a Bachelor of Surgery (BMBS or MBBS). Selection for this degree in some major universities is based on the total marks in the final year of school and on the entrance exam.

National Eligibility-Cum-Entrance Exam (NEET): NEET-UG (National Eligibility-Cum-Entrance Exam for Undergraduate Courses) is the criteria for enrollment to the MBBS degree. NEET-UG is the common all-India entry-level foundation for admissions amongst all medical universities and colleges all around the world. Each and every applicant who aspires to be recruited to MBBS must apply for the National Eligibility-Cum-Entrance Exam-UG.

Previously there was an exception for admissions to AIIMS and JIPMER MBBS because these educational institutions seemed to undertake their own entrance examinations. But meanwhile, those examinations have also been eliminated.

MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) Courses

The Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (BMBS) or Baccalaureus Medicinae, Baccalaureus Chirurgiae (MBBS) degree programme is a national undergraduate specialist graduate degree programme for medical aspiring candidates. This programme allows for interested and eligible candidates to study medicine and surgery in the country. The length of the MBBS course is five and a half years, with a one-year internship.

MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) Specialisations

The university aims to provide all students with a modern, growth-driven education through its degree programs. The Bachelor of Medicine and a Bachelor of Surgery degree allow the graduates eligible for the market in the world’s current scenario. Throughout India, there is a tremendous demand in the medical industry among medical practitioners as there are fewer employment opportunities in the marketplace and the number of doctors is much greater than it is. Earning a Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (BMBS / MBBS) degree offers students the opportunity to achieve their objectives in the medical and healthcare industries.

  • Ophthalmology
  • General Medicine
  • Orthopaedics
  • General Surgery
  • Anaesthesiology
  • Obstetrics & Gynaecology
  • Psychiatry
  • Paediatrics
  • Dermatology
  • ENT (Ear, Nose and Throat)

MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) Syllabus

We have mentioned below MBBS syllabus. It may vary from college to college.

MBBS syllabus for Semester 1 & 2

Fundamentals of Disease and TreatmentHealth and the Environment
Introduction to Medical Practice IBasic Haematology
Cell BiologyHealthcare Concepts
Locomotor SystemNeuroscience 1 (Peripheral System)
Introduction to Molecular MedicineRespiratory System
Introduction of Embryology and Histology

MBBS syllabus for Semester 3 &4

General PathologySystemic Pathology
Hereditary DisorderCardiovascular System
Environmental PathologyAlimentary System
Nutrition DisordersCommon Symptoms and Signs

MBBS syllabus for Semester 5 & 6

Special PathologyEpidemiology of communicable diseases
Clinical PathologyEpidemiology of non‐communicable diseases
General PathologyReproductive and child health
Growth Disturbance and Neoplasia
Infectious Diseases

MBBS syllabus for Semester 7 &8

Infectious diseaseEndocrine disease
Nutritional diseaseMetabolic and Bone disease
Geriatric diseaseNervous system
Diseases of immune system, connective tissue and jointsEmergency medicine and critical care
Hematology & oncologyBrain Death,Organ donation, Organ preservation

MBBS syllabus for Semester 9

Nervous system
Kidney disease
Environmental disorders, poisoning and snake bite
Emergency medicine and critical care

MBBS Salary

The average salary for MBBS of an aspirant varies gradually. The variation may vary due to the sector and firm of employment and the candidate’s dedication and experience in the workplace. Below mentioned are the salary scale MBBS course as per the experience years.

Year-wise salary for MBBS

Experience (in years)Salary scale fromSalary scale up to
0-6 years3 to 4 lakh per annum6 to 8 lakh per annum
6-12 years8 to 10 lakh per annum10 to 12 lakh per annum
12-20 years12 to 15 lakh per annum15 to 18 lakh per annum

Scope of MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery)

In the healthcare industry, MBBS students are highly focused. MBBS students have employment opportunities in both the government and private sectors. For these specialists, there are more than enough jobs available in the fields of biomedical companies, medical centers, healthcare facilities, laboratories, emergency rooms, community health centers, private practice. MBBS is a medical degree on its own that enables graduates to prescribe drugs, and most participants choose to obtain a master’s degree in this area to become known physicians. There seem to be a number of choices available for MBBS students with both the development and commercialization of the healthcare industry.

The major recruitment agencies for MBBS candidates are Apollo Munich Health Industries Co Ltd, Medanta Hospitals, Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd, Fortis Healthcare Ltd, Cipla Ltd, with positions available like Anesthetist, Cardiologist and much more.

Careers Opportunities after MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery)

Medical Officers: Medical officers are also regarded as chief medical officers are doctors who are mainly in charge of clinics. Such physicians strongly recommend as well as provide medical assistance, problem detecting, and instruct on medical conditions and illness control. Medical officers play an important role in supervising patient treatment and the duties of other medical professionals. When services are initially implemented, they can sometimes actively participate in the treatment. They may very well assist in assessing and diagnosing family and individual’s necessities and plans of treatment.

Medical Surgeon:

The surgeon is liable for the patient’s essential diagnosis, conducting the surgery, and providing continuous medical care and treatment for the patient. The surgeon is often regarded as the surgical team leader. Medical surgeons work to make sure collaboration and coordination among all the other leaders of the surgical team, usually requiring another surgeon or an assistant to the surgeon, anesthesiologist, and nursing staff in the operating theatre. Patients are operated on by them to enhance or recover health, like repairing injury problems or preventing depression. They follow surgical procedures formed mostly during operating conditions.

General Physician:

With an MBBS degree, graduates can begin their careers as a general physician who researches, diagnoses and treats and cures patient diseases. A physician typically treats diseases in the early stage, but if the illness remains serious after identification, then perhaps the patient is referred to a specialized medical professional. General Physicians are professionally educated physicians who provide elderly patients with a variety of nonsurgical medical attention. They treat complicated, critical, or severe health issues, and they proceed to serve the patient unless they have treated or healed such complications.

Physicians: Physicians work in many different forms to treat patients, from chronic disease diagnosis to recommendations on healthcare services. Whilst also physician’s areas of expertise can sometimes differ significantly, the similarity along all specialisations would be that physicians work primarily to identify and manage illnesses and injuries. Sometimes individuals do this by conducting screening tests, taking medical records, conducting and analysing diagnostic procedures and suggesting a course of treatment. Physicians require a different level of intelligence and education, generally including a bachelor’s degree, a medical school degree, and practice for a prolonged period of time.


A medical practitioner is in charge of treating kids with the disease and diagnoses their overall development and growth. In order to test and monitor the health and regular physical performance, pediatricians perform regular detailed tests on babies and young children and observe children evaluate their health, and inquire questions to collect knowledge regarding complications. They prescribe medicine and provide specific guidance about how to take it.


Dieticians encourage wellness in patients or the public at large and develop a balanced nutrition plan for them. Dietitians focus on providing knowledge on nutrition and health and therefore helping people to stay healthy. Individuals give advice and recommendations relating to nutrition. Dietitians may also modify diet plans to help maintain conditions like allergies and intolerances to food. They educate individuals and organizations on fundamental principles of healthy nutrition, appropriate food choices, and controlling nutrition to enhance their quality of life. They track the activities of the food service to ensure alignment with nutritional, health, sanitation, and safety standards.

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