MD Eligibility Criteria

M.D/ M.S

What is MD (Doctor of Medicine)?

MD or Doctor of Medicine is a postgraduate specialised course, which can be pursued after completing MBBS. It enables the pursuer to acquire in-depth knowledge and hands-on training on a variety of subjects including Anatomy, Radiotherapy, General Medicine, etc. It helps in accurate diagnosis and treatment planning of diseases.

Eligibility criteria for MD

MD is one of the most sought after courses that requires rigorous study and training of many years. After completing MBBS and an internship from a recognized medical college the candidates can pursue M.D. It is a specialized course of 3 years duration. However, to seek admission in this coveted course, the candidate would require to sit for NEET PG, the national level entrance test. Some renowned medical colleges like AIIMS, JIPMER, and Medical Colleges under Delhi University conduct their own entrance tests. To secure a berth in AIIMS (All India Institute of Medical Sciences), the candidate would have to clear AIIMS PG. Similarly, to get into JIPMER (Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research), they need to qualify for JIPMER PG or DUMET for Medical Colleges under Delhi University. However, in all medical institutions, admission is granted on the basis of merit. Some institutions may take an interview of the candidate before granting final admission. The area of MD specializations are as follows:

  1.       MD in Cardiology
  2.       MD in Clinical Haematology
  3.       MD in Clinical Pharmacology
  4.       MD in Endocrinology
  5.       MD in Gastroenterology
  6.       MD in Medical Gastroenterology
  7.       MD in Medical Oncology
  8.       MD in Neonatology
  9.       MD in Neurology
  10.       MD in Neurology
  11.       MD in Neuro-Radiology
  12.       MD in Pulmonary Medicine
  13.       MD in Rheumatology

Skills required to be an MD

In-depth theoretical knowledge and practical experience in the field are the foremost factors to work successfully as an MD The job of an MD demands responsibility, sincerity, self-confidence, and distinct skills, and only by perfecting and honing those skills in everyday work, one can establish oneself as a successful medical practitioner. The vital skills required to be a successful MD are listed below:

Diagnosis SkillAbility to diagnose disease on the basis of its symptoms
Interpersonal SkillAbility to develop a relationship with the patients, and build their faith and trust
Communication SkillStrong verbal and listening skill to communicate with the patient and his family
Time Management SkillPunctuality, ability to work for long hours and handle the pressure
Perseverance and EndurancePossess patience to listen and devote hours to the patients
Team Working SkillAbility to work in a team along with other physicians, experts and technicians
Critical Thinking and Problem Solving SkillAbility to handle a critical case and apply the remedial measure to provide relief to the patient
Use of modern treatment techniquesMust be acquainted with the modern treatment techniques and medical innovations

MD Course Structure

The duration of the MD course is of 3 years. The entire course is divided into 6 semesters with 2 semesters in a year. The entire course lays emphasis on lectures, practical work, seminars, research and thesis work, oral examination, group discussions, etc. The would-be doctors acquire in-depth knowledge of the subject along with exposure to practical work in the hospitals. They all work in the hospitals as ‘Senior Residents’. Here is a glimpse of the semester wise curriculum for the MD course :

Semester 1Semester 2
Applied basic science knowledgeBiostatistics and clinical epidemiology
Diseases with reference to General MedicineDiagnostic investigation and procedures
Recent advances in Medicine –
Semester 3Semester 4
Monitoring seriously ill patientsAbility to carry out research
Counselling patients and relativesWard patient management
Ability to teach undergraduate studentsOPD patient management
Semester 5Semester 6
Long and short topic presentationsJournal conferences
Ward rounds, case presentations and discussionsPG case presentation skills
Clinico-radiological and Clinico-pathological conferencesResearch review

To pass the MD Examination, a candidate must secure 50% marks in each subject. If he fails to secure the minimum qualifying marks in any of the subjects, he would have to re-take the test.

Job and Career Opportunities for MD

There are ample job opportunities for MD. Such doctors possess clinical expertise and they are always in demand. After the completion of MD, they may begin working in different Government hospitals as well as private hospitals and nursing homes. They may also get into work in Bio-medical companies. Those who take an interest in teaching can join the medical colleges as lecturers and thesis guide. They may also get involved in research work and publications and authoring chapters for medical textbooks. Here is a list of areas where MD doctors can work:

  1.       Government hospitals
  2.       Private Super Speciality Hospitals
  3.       Nursing Homes
  4.       Health Centres
  5.       Medical Colleges
  6.       Bio-medical Companies
  7.       Laboratories
  8.       Research Institutes
  9.       Medical Foundation and trust
  10.       Pharmaceuticals and Bio-technology companies
  11.       Poly Clinics
  12.       Non-profit Organizations etc.

A successful MD doctor can also carry on private practice and set up his own clinic and nursing home.

Average salary of an MD

After years of hard toil, relentless efforts, and a rigorous schedule, an MD doctor starts reaping benefits when he begins to practice. No doubt, the earning depends upon his/her experience, dedication, and devotion to the job, but the pay package is always lucrative. In government hospitals, the pay scale of an MD doctor is decided by the health department. In private hospitals, the respective governing body determines the salary of the doctor. In determining the pay package, they obviously consider his qualifications, experience, skills, and service record. An MD doctor can earn more if he starts a private practice. However, the working area or the location is also a determinant factor in this regard. On average, an MD doctor earns Rs 20 lakhs per annum in a government hospital and Rs. 6 lakhs – Rs 10 lakhs in private hospitals.

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