What is M.D (Doctor of Medicine)?

One of the future prospects after completing an MBBS programme from one of the medical colleges in India, graduates, for many years, have chosen an MD or Doctor of Medicine course. MD, inevitably, is a postgraduate course, which, as per the Medical Council of India, is conducted for a duration of 3 years across different specialisations.

MD, or Doctor of Medicine, like various postgraduate courses, is a degree rather than a course which can be pursued. All aspirants who wish to pursue a postgraduate programme will be able to pursue an MD degree in one of the many specialisations offered in the MD colleges of India.

In India, MBBS graduates choose MD as a postgraduate degree, if they wish to specialise in the area that grabs their interest. MD is one of the two most popular postgraduate medical degrees pursued after completing one’s MBBS, with the other being MS.

The degree is aimed at those candidates who are interested in gaining an in-depth knowledge of the field they have chosen. Students will be researching and conducting experiments and developing different medicinal solutions and other treatment processes for certain diseases.

MD Highlights

Duration3 Years
Course Fees?10 – ?15 lakhs
Average Initial Salary?3 – ?6 LPA
Exam TypeSemester
Minimum QualificationGraduation in MBBS
Minimum Aggregate Score50%
Entrance Exam AcceptedNEET-PG
Selection ProcessNEET-PG Counselling
EmploymentGovt/Pvt Hospitals, Pharmaceutical, etc.

MD (Doctor of Medicine) Eligibility Criteria

In order to pursue a course under MD, aspirants will have to qualify the MD eligibility criteria for the course that they wish to pursue. The eligibility criteria for MD and its specialisations in India are as follows:

  • Candidates must have a valid MBBS degree from one of the recognised medical colleges or institutes in India or abroad.
  • Admissions to all medical courses in India on the scores obtained in the entrance examinations, i.e. NEET. Since MD is a PG degree, candidates must have a NEET-PG score/rank, in order to take admissions in one of MD specialisations in India.
  • The minimum aggregate score requirement in the qualifying examination will vary from college to college, therefore, all candidates are advised to visit the eligibility criteria outlined by the college of your choice.

MD Admission Process

The candidates who are interested in pursuing an MD degree from one of the medical colleges in India, then they will be required to meet the eligibility criteria. The admissions to the course are based on the scores or rank obtained in the NEET-PG examinations, conducted for almost all PG medical courses in India. The NEET-PG admissions for MD will be based on counselling sessions which will be conducted by the respective body, throughout India. 

All candidates first are required to sit for a NEET-PG examination, applicable for the year in which the candidate wishes to join the course. Once the NEET-PG results have been released, the MD admission process will begin with the release of the merit list.

As per the NEET-PG selection process, the applicants will be offered admissions to MD courses through the NEET-PG Counselling Process. Students will be asked to select the course and the college at which they would wish to pursue the course. Depending on the merit list for NEET PG and the vacancies available in the respective course and college, the candidates will be allotted colleges and course.

MD (Doctor of Medicine) Syllabus

The Doctor of Medicine or an MD degree consists of 3 years of dedicated education in the specific field of your choice. The medical colleges that offer the degree, divide the 3 years into 6 semesters, with 2 semesters every year. During the 3 years or 6 semesters in MD, students will gain both theoretical and practical knowledge and experience in the field and specialisation of their choice. Check out what an MD degree will hold, if you decide to pursue it.

First Year:

Applied Basic ScienceLatest Industry Advancements
General MedicineClinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics
Diagnostic Investigation With Procedures

Second Year:

UG Student Teaching AbilityAbility to Carry Out Research
OPD Patient ManagementAbility To Counsel Patient and Relatives
Ability to Monitor Seriously Ill PatientsWard Patient Management

Third Year:

Reviewing of ResearchPresentation of PG Case Study
Medical Journal ConferencesPresentation on Long and Short Topics
Discussions, Presentations and Ward RoundsClinico-Radiological/Pathological Conferences

MD (Doctor of Medicine) Career Options and Job Prospects

The industry of medicine and healthcare is an ever-expanding and growing field, where the number of jobs available is more than the number of qualified professionals. Like many other postgraduate courses in other disciplines in industry, a postgraduate course expands the MD career options and job prospects.

After completing an MD degree in one of the specialisations, the job options in MD will only increase. While there are many MBBS graduates, there is a dearth in the number of skilled and qualified professionals specialising the different fields of medicine.

Here are some of the sectors, under which an MD graduate will be able to complete their course.

  • Government and Private Hospitals
  • Super-Speciality Hospitals
  • Biomedical Companies
  • Pharmaceutical Companies
  • Nursing Homes
  • Research And Medical Colleges/Institutes
  • Laboratories

Some of the job profiles that will be available to those who have completed their MD are as follows:

  • General Practitioner
  • Anaesthesiologist
  • Dermatologist
  • Physician
  • Psychiatrist
  • Cardiologist
  • Nutritionist
  • Pathologist
  • Physiologist
  • Gynaecologist
  • Obstetrician
  • Orthopaedist
  • Chiropodist

After the completion of one’s MD degree, the job profiles that will be available to the candidates will be immense, with the growth opportunities immense as well. The need for a specialist in the industry will allow MD graduates to earn an average initial salary? 3 -?6 lakhs, which is highly dependent on the chosen specialization as well as the place of employment. Like every other job and career path, the increase in experience and knowledge in the specific industry will be lead to better career opportunities and packages.

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